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Effects of grazing and nitrogen application on greenhouse gas emissions in alpine meadow

发布时间:2023-12-27 字体大小 T |T

Title: Effects of grazing and nitrogen application on greenhouse gas emissions in alpine meadow

Authors: Yang You, Yang Liu, Tianhao Xiao, Fujiang Hou

Journal: Science of Total Environment

Impact Factor: IF2022 = 9.8

Abstract: Overgrazing and injudicious nitrogen applications have increased emissions of greenhouse gases from grassland ecosystems. To explore the effects and potential mechanisms of grazing, nitrogen application, and their interaction with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, field experiments were conducted on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for three consecutive years. Alpine meadow plots were subjected to light (8 sheep ha?1) and heavy (16 sheep ha?1) stocking rates, with or without ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) (90 kg N ha?1 yr?1) treatment to simulate soil nitrogen deposition. During early warm growth season (May?June), peak growth season (July?September), and early cold season (October?November), static-chamber gas chromatography was used to analyze the soil's greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, N2O, and CH4). Results indicated that light stocking rate (LG) led to an increase in cumulative CO2 and N2O emissions, while also promoting CH4 uptake. Conversely, heavy stocking rate (HG) produced contrasting outcomes. Additionally, nitrogen applications significantly increased the short-term CO2 and N2O fluxes peaks. Combined treatment of nitrogen application and light stocking rate (LG + N) resulted in increased CO2 and N2O emissions while decreased CH4 uptake, consequently leading to a significant increase in global warming potential. According to the structural equation model, we discovered that nitrogen application and grazing affected GHG fluxes both directly and indirectly through their impact on the environmental factors. Our findings suggest that in the context of increasing nitrogen deposition in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, a moderate increase in stocking rate is more effective than reducing grazing intensity for mitigating global warming potential in alpine meadow.

Linkage: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969723035179

Effects of grazing and nitrogen application on greenhouse gas emissions in alpine meadow.pdf