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The salt-tolerance of perennial ryegrass is linked with root exudate profiles and microflora recruitment

发布时间:2024-03-01 字体大小 T |T

Title: The salt-tolerance of perennial ryegrass is linked with root exudate profiles and microflora recruitment

Authors: Yan-Hua Cao, Xiong-Wei Zhao, Gang Nie, Zhi-Yong Wang, Xin Song, Ming-Xu Zhang, Jin-Peng Hu, Qi Zhao, Yiwei Jiang*, Jin-Lin Zhang*

Journal: Science of The Total Environment

Impact Factor: IF2022 = 9.8 (中科院一区Top)

Abstract: Salinity poses a significant threat to plant growth and development. The root microbiota plays a key role in plant adaptation to saline environments. Nevertheless, it remains poorly understood whether and how perennial grass plants accumulate specific root-derived bacteria when exposed to salinity. Here, we systematically analyzed the composition and variation of rhizosphere and endophytic bacteria, as well as root exudates in perennial ryegrass differing in salt tolerance grown in unsterilized soils with and without salt. Both salt-sensitive (P1) and salt-tolerant (P2) perennial ryegrass genotypes grew better in unsterilized soils compared to sterilized soils under salt stress. The rhizosphere and endophytic bacteria of both P1 and P2 had lower alpha-diversity under salt treatment compared to control. The reduction of alpha-diversity was more pronounced for P1 than for P2. The specific root-derived bacteria, particularly the genus Pseudomonas, were enriched in rhizosphere and endophytic bacteria under salt stress. Changes in bacterial functionality induced by salt stress differed in P1 and P2. Additionally, more root exudates were altered under salt stress in P2 than in P1. The content of important root exudates, mainly including phenylpropanoids, benzenoids, organic acids, had a significantly positive correlation with the abundance of rhizosphere and endophytic bacteria under salt stress. The results indicate that the interactions between root-derived bacteria and root exudates are crucial for the salt tolerance of perennial ryegrass, which provides a potential strategy to manipulate root microbiome for improved stress tolerance of perennial grass species.

Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.170205